The national Social Weather Survey of June 26-29, 2022, the last under the administration of President Rodrigo Duterte, found 48% of Filipino families rating themselves as Mahirap or Poor, 31% rating themselves as Borderline Poor (by placing themselves on a horizontal line dividing Poor and Not Poor), and 21% rating themselves as Hindi Mahirap or Not Poor.
Compared to April 2022, the percentage of Poor families rose from 43%, while Borderline families fell from 34%, and Not Poor families declined from 23%.
The estimated numbers of Self-Rated Poor families are 12.2 million in June 2022 and 10.9 million in April 2022.
SWS has measured Self-Rated Poverty (SRP) quarterly by face-to-face (F2F) surveys ever since 1992, except in the first three quarters of 2020 when F2F was not possible for lack of public transportation during the pandemic. SWS resumed the SRP surveys in the 4th quarter of 2020, up to the present.
Self-Rated Poor rises in all areas, especially in the Visayas
The 5-point rise in the nationwide Self-Rated Poor between April 2022 and June 2022 was due to increases in the Visayas and Metro Manila, combined with slight increases in Mindanao and Balance Luzon (or Luzon outside Metro Manila).
Compared to April 2022, Self-Rated Poor rose in the Visayas from 48% to 64%, and in Metro Manila from 32% to 41%. It rose slightly in Mindanao from 60% to 62%, while it hardly moved in Balance Luzon from 35% to 36%.
On the other hand, Borderline Poor fell in the Visayas from 46% to 26%, and in Metro Manila from 42% to 22%. It fell slightly in Mindanao from 33% to 31%, while it rose in Balance Luzon from 28% to 36%.
At the same time, Not Poor rose in Metro Manila from 26% to 37%, and in the Visayas from 6% to 10%. It stayed at 7% in Mindanao, while it fell in Balance Luzon from 37% to 28%.
34% of families feel Food-Poor; 40% feel Borderline Food-Poor, and 26% feel Not Food-Poor
On Self-Rated Food Poverty, based on the type of food eaten by their families, the June 2022 survey found 34% of families rating themselves as Food-Poor, 40% rating themselves as Borderline Food-Poor (by placing themselves on the horizontal line dividing Food-Poor and Not Food-Poor), and 26% rating themselves Not Food-Poor.
Compared to April 2022, the percentage of Food-Poor families rose from 31%, Borderline Food-Poor families fell from 45%, and Not Food-Poor families rose slightly from 24%.
The estimated numbers of Self-Rated Food Poor families are 8.7 million in June 2022 and 7.9 million in April 2022.
Food-Poor rises in all areas except in Mindanao
The 3-point increase Self-Rated Food-Poor from April 2022 to June 2022 was due to increases in Metro Manila, Balance Luzon, and the Visayas, combined with a slight decrease in Mindanao [Charts 7–8, Table 4].
Compared to April 2022, Self-Rated Food-Poor rose in Metro Manila from 25% to 31%, in Balance Luzon from 24% to 28%, and in the Visayas from 31% to 37%. It fell in Mindanao from 49% to 45%.
On the other hand, Borderline Food-Poor fell in Metro Manila from 46% to 28%, and in the Visayas from 62% to 44%. It fell slightly in Balance Luzon from 40% to 38%, while it rose in Mindanao from 39% to 46%.
At the same time, Not Food-Poor rose in Metro Manila from 28% to 41%, and in the Visayas from 7% to 19%. It fell slightly in Balance Luzon from 37% to 34%, and in Mindanao from 12% to 9%.